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Soap Characteristics

Ricing

Ricing, it happens sometimes, is usually an undesirable characteristic of the soap batter mixing process when you add a fragrance oil it reacts with the batter to make clumps of rice shaped clots in the batter. If this happens to you stick blend as fast to incorporate the clots. This might smooth the batter or […]

Seizing

Describes when soap batter begins to rapidly harden to the point it is no longer in a fluid state. Beyond thick trace.  It is an undesireable result of a reaction to soaping in high temperatures but most often a reaction to fragrance oil.  If the batter starts to seize mix quickly until it “loosens” back […]

Trace

When we mix our oils then add and mix in our lye solution  our soap thickens. This thickening is called trace. How do we know when our cold process recipe reaches trace?  We know because we can see that the soap batter has become thick after mixing it; thick enough to draw a line or […]

Iodine

For soap makers Iodine is an aspect of measurement that appears in many soap making calculators that help gauge the stability in a hand made bath of soap. Specifically, iodine is the measurement of the polyunsaturated quality of the fatty acid profile. The higher the number the more polyunsaturated. This a a rough measure of […]

Hardness

Hardness in soap making refers to the hardness of the bar of soap after it has finished the curing process. When crafting a soap recipe many calculators will offer a hardness range. This is typically a number between 29 to 54 with the higher number being a harder bar of soap. This number is a […]

Creamy

The quality of creaminess comes into play with a well balanced luxury bar. This is usually associated with a small densely bubbled lather. In your soap calculator the creamy value is the sum of the Palmitic + Stearic + Ricinoleic acids. These are oils like Palm oil, Coffee Bean Oil, Kokuum Butter, Shea Butter, & […]

Conditioning

This is the moisturizing quality of your bar. Numbers that range from 44 – 69 are considered to be ideal for a conditioning quality in your soap.

Cleansing

The cleansing quality in your hand made soap can be judged on a number scale with a good range being between 12 to 22 with the higher number being the stronger cleans. The average cleansing number for a body soap(for hands and face) is 15. The stronger the cleans the more drying the bar will […]

Bubbles

The density and amount of bubbles that your bar of soap makes is sometimes refereed to as the lather. The lather of soap can have a variety of properties and the amount or size of the bubbles can be affected by the ingredients in the bar and the type of oils used. For greater bubbles […]

Acid

A material that contributes H+ to an aqueous solution.An acid has a strong sour taste and neutralizes alkalis. In soap making the oils are fatty acids and they are used to neutralize alkali in the rest of the recipe.